Homogram (Homographs)

 Homogram (Homographs) - ta sama pisownia, inne znaczenie:

arms (weapons)
band (music makers)
bass (low musical sound)
bear (animal)
boil (bubble)
bow (bend)
box (container)
brush (tool)
can (container)
case (container)
close (shut)
colon (part of body)
date (on calendar)
desert (place)
down (feathers)
dove (bird)
duck (bird)
fan (admirer)
fast (quick)
fine (good quality)
firm (hard)
fly (insect)
fresh (new)
gum (chewing treat)
hold (grasp)
invalid (ill)
jam (preserved fruit)
lap (part of body)
lead (main, best)
left (direction)
lie (untruth)
loaf (lounge)
lumber (wood)
mole (skin spot)
pen (for writing)
pitcher (container)
pop (sound)
pound (weight)
prune (fruit)
pupil (part of eye)
racket (for tennis)
racket (noise)
ring (circle)
row (in a line)
swallow (bird)
nail (body part)
arms (part of body)
band (strap)
bass (fish)
bear (carry)
boil (skin sore)
bow (part of ship)
box (hit)
brush (undergrowth)
can (able)
case (condition)
close (nearby)
colon (punctuation mark)
desert (abandon)
dove (jumped into water)
date (companion)
down (direction)
duck (avoid)
fan (cooling device)
fast (starve)
fine (payment for wrongdoing)
firm (company)
fly (move through air)
fresh (bold)
gum (mouth part)
hold (part of ship)
invalid (no good anymore)
jam (squeeze)
lap (course)
lead ((give access)
left (went)
lie (recline)
loaf (bread)
lumber (walk slowly)
mole (animal)
pen (enclosure)
pitcher (in baseball)
pop (popular)
pound (kennel)
prune (cut)
pupil (student)
racket (scheme)
racket (noise)
ring (sound of bell)
row (with oars)
swallow (bird) swallow (gulp)
nail (body part) nail (hit with a hammer)



The dove dove into the grass.
The invalid's handicap parking permit was invalid.
You know you have to resume writing your resume.
She can close the door, because she is close to it.
When the wind blows it's hard to wind a watch.
Only Polish can polish it.
I will present my present gilfriend with a present.
I will definitely object to that object.
The landfill was so full it had to refuse refuse.
We have to invalid out of the army the invalid soldier
Many soldiers who are alone in the desert decide to desert.
A farm can produce produce.
Who will lead me to the lead mine?
I know where the cat with nine lives lives.


Proszę zwrócić uwagę na wymowę, mimo iż pozornie wydaje się taka sama w obu wypadkach, często znacznie się różni (choćby akcentem). Bardzo często pary homogramów to zupełnie inne części mowy, np przymiotnik i czasownik: 


word and its pronunciation






agape /ə ˈɡeɪp /

with mouth open

(z rozdziawionymi ustami)

Vince watched, his mouth agape in horror.

agape /ˈæɡ əp i /

Christian love, esp as contrasted with erotic love; charity


close /kləʊs /

(adj.) near

Susan sat on a chair close to the window.

close /kləʊz/

to shut something

Beth closed her eyes and tried to sleep.

desert /ˈdez ət/

(n.) a large area of land where it is always very hot and dry, and there is a lot of sand

This area of the country is mostly desert.

desert /diˈzɜːt/

(verb)- to abandon; opuszczać

The birds have deserted their nest.

invalid /ˈɪn və liːd/

disabled person

I resented being treated as an invalid.

invalid /ɪn ˈvæl ɪd/

a contract, ticket, claim etc that is invalid is not legally or officially acceptable

Without the right date stamped on it, your ticket will be invalid.

lead /liːd /

show the way, guide

Some people say she is too old to lead the country

lead /led/

grey mental (for water pipes) ołów

Why is lead added to petrol ?

live /laɪv /

not dead or artificial

We were so excited to see real live elephants.

live /lɪv /

to reside

I live in Warsaw

minute /ˈmɪn |ɪt

60 seconds

It takes me ten minutes to walk to work.

minute /maɪ ˈnjuːt

very small

You only need a minute amount.

polish /ˈpɒl ɪʃ /

Polish /ˈpəʊl ɪʃ /

to make something smooth, and shiny by rubbing it

relating to Poland, its people, or its language

I spent all afternoon polishing the silver.

I am not good at Polish grammar.

present /pri |ˈzent/

to introduce

We'll present the information using a chart.

present /ˈprez ənt/


(n) a gift

I gave her a very special present for her birthday.

read /riːd /


to look at written words and understand what they mean:

I can't read your writing.

read /red /


past tense and past participle form of read

When I was young, I read every one of his books from cover to cover.

record /ˈrek ɔːd /

(n) the fastest speed, longest distance, highest or lowest level etc that has ever been achieved or reached, especially in sport

As a student, he broke the Scottish record for the 100 metres.

record /ri ˈkɔːd /

(v.) To register (sound or images)

The group has just recorded a new album.

row /raʊ /

quarrel, an argument

He had just had a row with his wife.

row /rəʊ /

to make a boat move across water using oars; wiosłować

She rowed across the lake.

sewer /ˈsəʊ ə/

One that sews


sewer /ˈsu ː ə /


Your drain will probably connect to a private sewer which then connects to a public sewer.

tear /tɪə /

Liquid from the eye when you are crying

The children were all in tears.

tear /teə /

To rip (drzeć)

Be careful not to tear the paper.

wind /waɪnd /

to turn or twist something several times around something else

The hair is divided into sections and wound around heated rods.

wind /wɪnd /

Breeze, moving air

The wind blew from the northeast.